Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of questions

It is important to tell apart interviews as a way of collecting information and interviewing as being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two different ways are:

  • observation, as soon as the researcher himself is an eyewitness regarding the event,
  • working together with documents, in which the document means any material provider containing texts and images.

Forms of interviews and their purpose

Interviews as a technique of data gathering in change are divided in to:

  • genre (for preparation of text into the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to identify the traits of an individual, then to mirror them within the text).

The reportage meeting ended up being talked about when you look at the past chapter. In regards to the investigative will find out in the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is meeting as being a genre, as being a real way of text formatting in the shape of questions from a interviewer together with answers associated with interlocutor. During the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the quantity of questions associated with the researcher is minimized (sometimes they are not any at all), during the other pole – a discussion, as soon as the journalist not just asks concerns, but additionally speaks much with lengthy arguments.

The fact the meeting is a discussion, shows concerning the exact same number of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion may be carried out by a journalist, by authority equivalent to the interlocutor, so your viewpoint of this journalist has also been interesting to visitors, once the viewpoint for the interlocutor. If a typical journalist talks the maximum amount of or even more in an meeting as an interlocutor, this is certainly an indication of insufficient qualification.

Forms of interviews according to the subject. Topic interview

With regards to the topic, you will find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Subject of the interview that is subject their state of things in virtually any industry of task. Usually this can be an interview with a specialist, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting into the journalist just as much as he is associated with this continuing state of affairs. For example, a police tells how exactly to protect a flat from thieves. The physician explains just how to protect yourself from the flu epidemic. The financial consultant makes a forecast just how long the crisis will likely to be on the exchange. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate through the interview subject, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.

The dwelling for the interview that is subject of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s experience of this issue. Then there’s a parsing for the topic for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and evaluation. The interview that is subject using the streamlining of the thing that was said, summarizing, practical tips to readers.

The hero regarding the subject meeting can also be an eyewitness or participant in case. That is a given information meeting, one of many news genres. people who write papers The job regarding the journalist would be to learn whenever possible the information and information on just what took place. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.